Is CBD oil legal in the UK?


The popularity of CBD oil has skyrocketed in recent years, thanks to its potential benefits for a variety of conditions ranging from anxiety to chronic pain. However, the legal landscape surrounding CBD products can be confusing, especially for consumers in the UK. In this article, we'll delve into the intricacies of CBD oil's legality in the UK, the conditions that must be met for it to be sold, and what consumers need to know when purchasing these products.

Is CBD Oil Legal in the UK?

Yes, CBD oil is legal in the UK, but there are specific conditions that must be met. According to the Food Standards Agency, CBD is considered a "novel food," and its extracts require authorisation before they can be legally sold in Great Britain. As of now, there are no authorized CBD extracts or isolates on the market. Businesses must apply for authorisation of their CBD extracts, isolates, and associated products to be placed on the GB market. The authorisation applies only to the specific ingredient and must adhere to detailed production methods and safety evidence.

Key Points:

Novel Food Status CBD extracts were confirmed as a novel food in January 2019. Therefore, CBD food products require authorisation for legal sale.
THC Content The THC content in CBD products must be below a certain level, as THC is a controlled substance in the UK.
Application for Authorisation Businesses must apply for authorisation, and each application is considered on its own merits. Safety information is crucial for the application to be validated
Safety Guidelines Toxicological testing is recommended, and safety must be evidenced through scientific studies rather than just literature.
Consumer Safety The Food Standards Agency has issued consumer advice on CBD consumption, advising that pregnant, breastfeeding women, or those on medication should refrain from taking CBD.
Enforcement Local authorities are responsible for removing unauthorized products from the market.


In summary, CBD oil is legal in the UK, but its legal status is governed by various conditions and regulations. Businesses must adhere to the FSA's guidelines, including applying for authorisation and providing safety evidence. Consumers should be aware of these conditions when purchasing CBD products and consult healthcare providers for personalized advice.


Food Standards Agency - Cannabidiol (CBD) guidance for England and Wales (Last updated: 8 September 2023

Consumer cannabidiol (CBD) products report (accessible version) - GOV.UK

Government announces that medicinal cannabis is legal - GOV.UK

This article was written by an independent and third-party author specialising in CBD, hemp and cannabis research. Any opinion, advice or recommendation expressed in the article does not reflect the opinion of Formula Swiss AG or any of our employees. We do not make any claims about any of our products and refer to our disclaimer for more information.